Archive for April, 2009


Posted in Bangladesh on April 12, 2009 by thaso2


Homelessness and poverty are an international crisis. Bangladesh, with a population of 147.4 million is one of the poorest countries in the world; with an estimated 3.4 million people live in some 5000 slums of its capital city, Dhaka. In 2010, the population of the city of Dhaka has been projected at 17.6 million people, with up to 60% in the slums. Slums, which are heavily populated urban areas characterized by poverty and substandard housing, are not well described in the literature despite their prevalence and the pervasiveness of poverty worldwide. Urban planning to accommodate increasingly large slum areas requires study to determine demographics and determinants of improved quality of life, such as health status, health services, financial stability, education and security.



The Slums of Mumbai…

Posted in India on April 12, 2009 by thaso2
Dharavi slum

Dharavi slum


Late in the 17th century, Gerald Aungier tried to attract traders and artisans to Bombay. As a result, the population grew six-fold in the fourteen years between 1661 and 1675. Some of the more prosperous traders built houses inside the British fort. The rest lived in crowded “native-towns” around the walls. These were probably the first slums to grow in Bombay.

The problem of overcrowding certainly remained through the 18th century. A count made in 1794 found 1000 houses inside the fort walls and 6500 immediately outside.

All over the world, the 19th century saw the growth of slums give the lie to the idea of progress brought on by large-scale industrialization and the understanding and control of diseases. Bombay was no exception. The cotton boom, followed by the rapid growth of mills and shipping drew a large population from the rest of the country into a city ill-equipped to deal with them. In the middle of the 19th century slums grew around the mills and other places of employment. Historically, slums have grown in Bombay as a response to a growth of population far beyond the capacity of existing housing. Migrants are normally drawn to the city by the huge disparity between urban and rural income levels. Usually the residents of these densely populated enclaves live close to their place of work. The residential area itself does not provide employment.

 My friend Shashi has sent this information from Bihar, India.  He did not mention the real source of these details.

From her view…

Posted in Interviews on April 9, 2009 by thaso2
Phnom Penh  Child

Phnom Penh Child


This is an opinion from my friend (Pol Sreymom), who is from Cambodia, and she shared conditions of slums in her country. What she thinks about is that, mostly poor people who live in slums do not have enough facilities in their shelter. In her opinion, she said that cities have more slums in Cambodia specially, in phnom penh. In early, they lived in countryside; however, the reason that they moved to cities is hunger.  Therefore, they decided to sell their land in villages and then they searched jobs in cities, so that they can survive their family. Unfortunately, when they go to live in urban areas there are no many jobs available to do and which led them to become beggars, pick garbage in streets, road cleaners and some young girls addicted to drugs and involved in prostitution   Most of them  do not have enough education to determine their life.

I asked her that do you think that Cambodia government has taken any solution to reduce these problems?

She answered that “I do not see any improvement, but yes, the government is trying to do something for them. They encourage the slum children to study and give jobs to adults like construction works, and Garment works. Moreover, some NGO, s from Japan, the USA, and Australia are working for them to bring a better environment”.

   In my view, I think that, this is a good idea that government is trying to help them through provide jobs and make the slum children educated. In south Asia also, if governments ready to help for slum dwellers, they will get other non government organizations help to work with them and reduce the difficulties of people in slums.


glimpse shining in their eyes…

Posted in Misery of life on April 8, 2009 by thaso2
Delhi charity campaign

Delhi charity campaign


When I looked at them, I looked down at their feet and found that most of them don’t have even slippers to protect their legs. This is what is at first when we look at anyone, which is their outer appearance. From this I can guess, how miserable will be their living conditions. I can see a glimpse shining in their eyes for something new. I think queuing up is something new for them and that they are on their first steps towards the vast world of knowledge. This picture captured in Delhi when there was a charity campaign organized for those students. One of my friends who is studying in Bihar, sent this picture for me.


characteristics of Slums…

Posted in remote slums on April 8, 2009 by thaso2
characteristics  of slums

characteristics of slums

The characteristics associated with slums vary from place to place. Slums are usually characterized by urban decay, high rates of poverty, and unemployment. They are commonly seen as “breeding grounds” for social problems such as crime, drug addiction, alcoholism, high incidence of mental illness, and suicide. In many poor countries they exhibit high incidence of disease due to unsanitary conditions, malnutrition, and lack of basic health care. A UN Expert Group has created an operational definition of a slum as an area that combines to various extents the following characteristics: inadequate access to safe water; inadequate access to sanitation and other infrastructure; poor structural quality of housing; overcrowding; and insecure residential status. To these one might add the low socioeconomic status of its residents.