The Slums of Mumbai…

Dharavi slum

Dharavi slum


Late in the 17th century, Gerald Aungier tried to attract traders and artisans to Bombay. As a result, the population grew six-fold in the fourteen years between 1661 and 1675. Some of the more prosperous traders built houses inside the British fort. The rest lived in crowded “native-towns” around the walls. These were probably the first slums to grow in Bombay.

The problem of overcrowding certainly remained through the 18th century. A count made in 1794 found 1000 houses inside the fort walls and 6500 immediately outside.

All over the world, the 19th century saw the growth of slums give the lie to the idea of progress brought on by large-scale industrialization and the understanding and control of diseases. Bombay was no exception. The cotton boom, followed by the rapid growth of mills and shipping drew a large population from the rest of the country into a city ill-equipped to deal with them. In the middle of the 19th century slums grew around the mills and other places of employment. Historically, slums have grown in Bombay as a response to a growth of population far beyond the capacity of existing housing. Migrants are normally drawn to the city by the huge disparity between urban and rural income levels. Usually the residents of these densely populated enclaves live close to their place of work. The residential area itself does not provide employment.

 My friend Shashi has sent this information from Bihar, India.  He did not mention the real source of these details.


8 Responses to “The Slums of Mumbai…”

  1. poorvoices Says:

    Hey Thaso,

    I really liked how you have informed us about the history of establishment of slum areas.

    Great post.


  2. geenageorge9 Says:

    hey Thaso,
    what do you think about the oscar film Slumdog Millionaire which shows the actual situation of those slums (as it claims)? i think maximum of your posts represent the slums of India. So from these, what is your final observation?

  3. Nice question Geena….. actually… i would like to sumbit a project which talks about solution. As you knew that Neha from Nepal sumbit this idea and she has got the chance to participate the conferece education without border in Dubai. so i think it will make you to think and possibly i will make some suggection end of the capacity building class.

  4. hey very nice information given.tells us how the slums actually build.

  5. Thank you Shachi… as i have already mentioned there overcrowding is one of the reasons and also ther are other factors like poverty, over population, enemployment, are some of the reasons as well. These factors led people to live under some difficult circumstances. Hope you understand the relationship betwen these factors and slums. If you still confused, please let me know again.

  6. Soumya Khedkar Says:

    how do slums affect the environment???

  7. thanks for the info….it helped in my EVS project

  8. shashi kumar Says:

    thasu thanx for nice blog..u did wonderfull job i like it u showed the problems of slums in india…love u

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